The adult Komodo dragon is generally solitary, although groups may gather around a kill. It is a powerful predator and the Komodo dragons’ voracious appetite has further fuelled its ferocious image. Both carrion and live prey are consumed; adults ambush deer, water buffalo and wild pigs, and carcasses can be detected from up to 10 km away The large powerful jaws tear at prey and large amounts can be eaten with surprising speed, only a small percentage of the kill is discarded .
The Komodo dragon can eat up to 80% of its own body weight at one time . Recent research into the feeding behaviour of the Komodo dragon has shown that it is actually venomous, possessing complex venom glands in its jaw, which excrete a variety of toxic substances that prevent blood clotting and lower blood pressure in its prey. In contrast to the elaborate venom injection system used by snakes, the Komodo dragon’s venom is administered relatively crudely, seeping into the large wounds made by the teeth.
This means that even if the injured animal escapes, it will rapidly succumb to shock and blood loss induced by the venom. It was previously believed that toxic bacteria found in the Komodo dragon’s mouth help to take down prey by infecting bite wounds, leading to fatal blood poisoning. However, studies have indicated that this may not be the case, and that the venom is the main agent by which prey is subdued
The mating season occurs between May and June ; the male Komodo dragon will compete for access to receptive females by wrestling, rearing-up on the hind legs supported by the thick, muscular tail. In July and August, the female lays and then a clutch of around 25 eggs in depressions dug into the ground . Eggs incubate for up to nine months before hatching Juveniles are extremely vulnerable to predation and spend their first year of life in the relatively protected habitat of the trees. Young dragons will feed on snakes, lizards and rodents ( wikepedia resource).
KOMODO AND NATURE
Varanus Komodo is the name of the animals living in Komodo National Park. this creature has a malignant hunting character (dangerous), in addition to having a ferocious nature, this creature has a cold nature or often called “cold blood killer” (cool blood Animal). in the morning dragons look super active ie from 6 am to 10 am, actively looking for food and sunbathing themselves toward the sun, according to the science aims to neutralize the bacteria in the body. dragons can run as fast as 40 km / h and in a depressed or hungry condition, dragons can run as fast as possible or even climb a tall tree to search for prey or food. Komodo dragon has 60 types of bacteria in the saliva, the name of the deadly bacteria is “Listeria” which works as immune system immune like buffalo, boar and humans. Listeria works through a blood hose or often called “septisemiankongkolglokokus” in the language of medicine. Komodo dragons can swim 10 km and can climb trees, hook-shaped teeth and nails on the toes are also shaped hook. dragons can survive to eat for 3 weeks and vice versa can eat 1 buffalo in a short time. Komodo dragons survive in the savanna because he is cold-blooded animals. Komodo dragons are carnivorous animals or meat-eaters as well as fellow eaters or “cannibals”. Who often become victims of adult dragons is a small dragon that just hatched from its nest, to survive a small dragon or Juvenil must survive on a tree until reaching the age of 3 years, after that just live freely in the meadow of Komodo island.